Peer-reviewed journal article in "Archaeological Discoveries" shows that Giza's three pyramids were constructed to mimic the Cygnus Constellation
Cairo, Egypt, April 28, 2016 (Newswire.com) - A newly released report in the peer-reviewed journal Archaeological Discovery casts doubt on a widely-touted belief that the three pyramids at Giza were built to mimic the three belt stars of the constellation of Orion. Instead, the report shows conclusively that the wing stars of the constellation of Cygnus not only fit the pyramid’s configuration better than Orion, but that the three key stars of Cygnus were seen to set directly on top of the apexes of three pyramids at the time of their construction.
The 15-page paper, authored by British engineer Rodney Hale and researcher Andrew Collins, was published as a response to an earlier paper seeking to support the idea that Orion was a better “fit” for the pyramids than Cygnus. The Orion hypothesis was first popularly proposed in 1994 by Robert Bauval and Adrian Gilbert who utilized a Naval Observatory photo and a photo of the Giza pyramids to show a possible correspondence between them. This simple presentation caught the attention of the public but was criticized by some mainstream astronomers and archaeologists. It was then asserted that all of the stars of Orion somehow fit ground structures in Egypt, but that idea was abandoned. More careful research showed that the fit of the three belt stars of Orion to the three pyramids wasn’t a perfect match, but it was asserted to be close enough. The controversy remained static until 2006 when Andrew Collins proposed the Cygnus-Giza Correlation in his book “The Cygnus Mystery.” It was engineer Rodney Hale who first calculated that Cygnus was a better fit for the pyramid complex than Orion.
While Collins found support for the Cygnus-Giza Correlation Theory in Egyptian mythology and in actual ground structures he found at key points on the Giza landscape where the other stars of Cygnus would fall, long-time supporters of the Orion idea simply dismissed the competing Cygnus theory. In their new paper, Hale and Collins utilized the most accurate ground survey maps ever made at Giza, which were produced by the official Giza Mapping Project. They combined the ground survey with the heights of the pyramids and entered data into a sophisticated computerized astronomical software program. Incorporated into the analysis were the Sphinx, the hilltop believed to have been the survey point when the pyramids were actually built, and other key locations. The time frame used for the astronomical calculations was a 50-year period (2550 – 2500 BCE), the generally accepted dates of the pyramids’ construction completion.
Results showed that the three wing stars of Cygnus fit the peaks of the pyramids somewhat better than does Orion. However, more importantly, an additional critical finding was confirmed. When viewed from a distance behind the key survey hill, in the critical timeframe (circa 2550 BCE), the three wing stars of Cygnus were seen to respectively set directly into the peaks of all three pyramids. It is an impressive confirmation of the Cygnus-Giza Correlation Theory.
In their conclusion, Hale and Collins related, “From these findings, it seems extremely unlikely that the star-to-peak matches between the Cygnus wing stars and the three main pyramids at Giza in both the horizontal and vertical plane exist by chance alone. Indeed, the authors demonstrate how the Cygnus-Giza Correlation functions not just in two dimensions, but in a three-dimensional reality. In this manner, the stars of Cygnus are likely to have formed an integral role in the pyramid field’s grand design from its very inception.”
For more information contact Andrew Collins.